Africa

africa

Map of Africa

Travel to Africa
Africa is the second-biggest and second-most-populated continent in the world. At around 30.2 million km2 including nearby islands, the continent covers 6% of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. With 1.1 billion people as of 2013 report states, it represents around 15% of the world’s human population. Africa is encompassed by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Africa includes Madagascar and different archipelagos. It has 54 completely recognized sovereign nations, nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.

The population of Africa is the youngest among all the continents; half of Africans are 19 years of age or younger. Algeria is biggest African nation by area and Nigeria is the biggest by population. Africa, especially central Eastern Africa, is famously known as the place of origin of people and the great gorillas, as confirmed by the discovery of the earliest primates and their ancestors, and later ones that have been dated to around seven million years back, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest modern human found in Ethiopia being dated to around 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and includes various climate areas; it is the only continent to extend from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

Tourism in Africa
The tourism is the main industry of the economy for different African nations. The four nations that advantage the most from tourism are Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco, and South Africa. A second category includes the nations of Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Kenya.

The nations of Africa can be partitioned into three groups with relative to tourism: those nations with a developed tourism sector; those with a developing tourism industry; and those that would like to develop a tourism industry. Nations like Egypt, South Africa, Morocco, and Tunisia have an effective tourism industry. Nations like Kenya, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and Mauritius can be considered as nations that have steady and reliable income from tourism. Countries like Tanzania, Algeria, and Burundi are nations that have little to no economic benefit from tourism, but would like to see it develop.

The successful nations in tourism are thriving because of variety of factors. Countries like Morocco and Tunisia profit from their lovely beaches and their relative closeness to Europe. Tourism in Egypt is mainly based on the rich history of Ancient Egypt, pyramids and antiquities. South Africa and Kenya benefit from wild safari adventures, attracting tourists to see the African wildlife.

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